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Cell Phones

Invisible Hazards in the Wireless Age:
An Insider's Alarming Discoveries About Cancer and Genetic Damage

Dr. George Louis Carlo and Martin Schram

Cover of Cell Phones: Invisible Hazards


Are 100 million Americans and 500 million people worldwide exposed to potentially harmful radiation every time they use their cell phone?

This book is a gripping narrative of scientific detection that answers this and other troubling questions, while also telling a disturbing tale of governmental neglect, corporate manipulation, and personal tenacity and courage. It is essential reading if you are among the millions of Americans who hold a cellular telephone against your head every day, if you are beguiled by the newest wireless Internet gadgets, or if you just want to know whether government is truly looking after the public's health.

No appliance of our time has found more consumer acceptance than the cell phone, yet an undercurrent of concern about possible health effects has pervaded public awareness since 1992, when reports began appearing of people who'd developed brain tumors after using the device. The wireless industry quickly appointed an independent scientist, Dr. George Carlo, to study the issue. Though industry officials claimed that “thousands of studies” already demonstrated cell phone safety, Carlo vowed to follow the science wherever it might lead him. In fact, he soon discovered that few studies had ever been done, and there was certainly no consensus on the vital question of whether we're exposed to dangerous radiation each time we place a cell phone to our head.

One by one, alarming signs appeared in Dr. Carlo's research: that cell phones interfere with heart pacemakers; that the developing skulls of children are penetrated deeply by the energy emitted from a cell phone; that the blood brain barrier, which prevents invasion of the brain by toxins, can be compromised by cell phone radiation; and most startlingly, that radio frequency radiation creates micronuclei in human blood cells, a type of genetic damage known to be a diagnostic marker for cancer. Yet, in 1999 the industry debuted cell phones emblazoned with colorful cartoon characters - designed to appeal to children.

As Dr. Carlo continued turning up scientific findings that cell phones may pose health risks, the industry responded by not renewing his research funding, and sought to discredit him personally among reporters and other scientists. Undeterred, he redoubled his efforts to learn the truth and discover what critical safeguards can still be devised to protect the public health.

Dr. Carlo and veteran journalist Martin Schram's book is a clarion call for more research to develop wireless devices that do not harm consumers and for more aggressive supervision by Congress and federal regulatory agencies. It will leave reders angry and incredulous that a device about which so many unanswered questions still hover is being marketed to an unsuspecting public.

The authors also provide the most thorough presentation offered anywhere of preventive safeguards consumers can adopt right now. Their fascinating and troubling examination of the collision between science and politics, presented in an ingenious format that directs readers to alternately “Follow the Science” and “Follow the Politics”, is an accessible and enlightening primer for which concerned members of the public will be deeply grateful and which policymakers will ignore at all our peril.


Table of Contents

Dedication
Introduction
ix
xi
Part One
Chapter One - When Science Meets Politics
   A Suit Heard ‘Round the World
   When Carlo Met Wheeler
   Thousands of Studies?
   Belated Background Check
p. 3
Chapter Two - Follow-the-Science: No Problems, But No Tools
   No Heating, No problem
   A Primer: How Radiation Is Measured
   Shattering test-Tube abd Petri-Dish Findings
   Stealth Rats
p. 17
Chapter Three - Follow-the-Politics: High and Inside
   The Power of the Purse String
   Truth and Labeling - I
   Truth and Labeling - II
p. 35

Part Two
Chapter Four - Follow-the-Science: Henry's Comet
   Interlude: A Primer on DNA Breakage and Genetic Damage
   Chasing the Tail of the Comet
p. 55
Chapter Five - Follow-the-Politics: The Care and Feeding of Watchdogs
   A Protest to the Media
p. 75
Chapter Six - Follow-the-Science: heart-Stopping Phone Calls
   The Mayo Clinic's Pacemaker/Cell Phone Study
p. 83
Chapter Seven - Follow-the-Money: Caught in a Litigation Vise
   The Compromise
p. 97
Chapter Eight - Follow-the-Science: Interesting but Inconclusive Findings
   Leaks in the Blood Brain Barrier
   First Biological Effects in Rats
   Lymphoma in Overexposed Mice
   Headaches
   Cancer Findings, 1994-1996
p. 107
Chapter Nine - Follow-the-Money: Turning Off the Spigot
   First Cash-Flow Crisis
   A Government Intervention
   A Rare Executive: Promoting Research
   Very Political Science - I
p. 123

Part Three
Chapter Ten - Follow-the-Science: Red Flags
   Genetic Damage in Human Blood
   Micronuclei - A Diagnostic Marker for Cancer Experts
   The Specifics of the WTR Studies
   Very Political Science - II
p. 149
Chapter Eleven - Follow-the-Science: More red Flags
   The WTR's Studies of People Using Cellular Phones
   A Study of Brain Cancer Patients
   A Study of Acoustic Neuroma Patients
   A Study of 285,000 Analog Cellular Phones Users
   A Roadblock
   Corroboration from Sweden
   Very Political Science III
p. 165
Chapter Twelve - Hoisting the Red Flags
   Tough Day in the Big Easy
   A Rare Executive: protecting Customers
p. 181
Chapter Thirteen - When Science Collides with Politics
   A Most Unpleasant Interlude
   A Letter to the Industry Chiefs
p. 191
Chapter Fourteen - Protect the Children
   A World of Concerns
p. 215
Chapter Fifteen - Follow-the-Science: Confirming Evidence
   A Peek Inside the FDA
p. 221
Chapter Sixteen - Myopic Watchdogs
   Myopic Watchdogs
   Watchdogs in Retreat
   Comparison of Research Priorities: 1997 vs. 2000
p. 229

Part Four
Chapter Seventeen - Follow-the-Science: Piecing Together the Cancer Puzzle
   ... And the Largest Piece of the Puzzle
   The Big Picture
p. 241
Chapter Eighteen - Safety First - Health Recommendations
   Recommendations for Consumers
   A Few Words of Caution for Consumers
   Recommendation for the Mobile Phone Industry
   recommendations for Scientific, Medical, and Public Health Officials
   Recommendations Concerning Heart Pacemakers
   Recommendations for Industry and Government
Concerning the Wireless Internet
p. 249
Epilogue
Glossary
Cast of Characters
Appendix
   United States Government Interagency Working Group on Radio Frequency Radiation
   Peer Review Board Coordinated by the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis
Acknowledgments
Index
   About the Authors
p. 257
p. 261
p. 267
p. 273



p. 281
p. 285

$16.50

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